REF No. 6437-8
pair of chinese export armorial porcelain dinner plates, chapman
Qianlong period circa 1740-50
Diameter: 9 inches; 23cm
A pair of Chinese export porcelain dinner plates with a central coat of arms, the cavetto with gilt spearhead border and the rim with bianco sopra bianco floral sprays.
The arms are: Chapman quartering Webb, impaling Wood quartering Russell, with Edmondson in pretence (Howard 1974).
This service is a fine example of Chinese porcelain for the discerning collector, having the arms of five different families, illustrating the three generations of the Chapman family of London, their marriages with three heiresses and their baronetcy (created 1720 - extinct 1785). Howard states that the impaling is incorrect and the arms should be quartered. However the genealogy is uncertain with some sources conflating Wood and Webb.
The service was ordered by Sir John Chapman, 3rd Baronet (1710-1781) who married Rachel Edmondson, an heiress. He was the son of Sir William Chapman (1670-1737) and Elizabeth Wood. Sir William was Director of the South Sea Company and a wealthy benefactor of hospitals and schools.
Sir William, the 1st Baronet, was the son of Sir John Chapman, Kt, (and Elizabeth Webb), a Lord Mayor of London in 1688, significantly proclaiming William and Mary as King and Queen in the ‘Glorious’ Revolution.
Sir John, 3rd Bt, was a successful merchant and MP for Taunton, living at Cockenheath in Hertfordshire. This service was probably brought to England on the EIC ship Durrington which was part owned by Sir John and in service between 1739-54.
References: Howard 1974, p411, this service, including a punchbowl and teawares, p293, an earlier service with only the arms of Chapman, circa 1735, probably ordered by the same man before his marriage and the death of his father.